شناسایی و تحلیل مؤلفه ‏های بازدارندة توسعة زنجیرة تأمین محصول سیب ‏زمینی در استان همدان از دیدگاه تولیدکنندگان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش ‏آموختة دکتری توسعة کشاورزی، گروه مدیریت و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشکدة اقتصاد و توسعة کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

2 نویسنده مسئول و استادیار گروه مدیریت و توسعة کشاورزی، دانشکدة اقتصاد و توسعة کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران.

3 استاد گروه مدیریت و توسعة کشاورزی، دانشکدة اقتصاد و توسعة کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران.

چکیده

زنجیرة تأمین محصولات کشاورزی نقش مهمی ‏در شکل ‏گیری و انسجام کسب ‏وکارها و فعالیت‏های اقتصادی بخش کشاورزی و امنیت غذایی ایفا می‏کند. محصول سیب ‏زمینی در استان همدان، با وجود کسب مقام اول تولید در کشور، با چالش‏های مختلف مواجه است که کارکرد زنجیرة این محصول را کند می سازد. از این‏رو، هدف تحقیق حاضر شناسایی و تحلیل مؤلفه ‏های بازدارندة توسعة زنجیرة تأمین محصول سیب ‏زمینی استان همدان بود. با توجه به جامعه آماری تحقیق (واحدهای تولیدکننده سیب‏ زمینی‏ (6120=N))، نمونه ‏ای به تعداد 246 نفر در منطقة مورد مطالعه انتخاب شد. برای گردآوری داده ‏ها و اطلاعات مورد نیاز، از پرسشنامه و برای تحلیل داده ‏ها، علاوه بر آماره ‏های توصیفی، از روش تحلیل عاملی استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که شش عامل فنی- زیرساختی، اجتماعی و خدماتی، سیاست‏گذاری، اقتصادی، آموزشی و ترویجی، و زیست ‏محیطی، در مجموع، 60/38  درصد از واریانس کل عوامل بازدارنده را تبیین می ‏کنند؛ همچنین، نقش عامل فنی– زیرساختی در توسعة زنجیرة تأمین سی ‏زمینی مهم تر از دیگر عوامل است. بنابراین، برنامه ‏ریزی و سرمایه ‏گذاری در به ‏روز کردن فناوری ‏های مورد استفاده در حلقه ‏های زنجیرة تأمین و همچنین، توسعة مکانیزاسیون در مراحل مختلف تولید، نگهداری، تبدیل و فرآوری، حمل ‏ونقل و توزیع می ‏تواند آهنگ توسعة زنجیرة تأمین را تسریع کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification and Analysis of Inhibitory Components for Potato Supply Chain Development in Hamedan Province of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • majid zarei 1
  • Naser Motiei 2
  • Kh Kalantari 3
1 PhD Graduate in Agricultural Development, Department of Agricultural Management and Development, Faculty of Economics and Agricultural Development, Tehran University, Karaj, Iran
2 Corresponding Author and Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Management and Development, Faculty of Economics and Agricultural Development, Tehran University, Karaj, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Agricultural Management and Development, Faculty of Economics and Agricultural Development, Tehran University, Karaj, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Supply chain of agricultural products plays an important role in formation and coherence of businesses and economic activities of agricultural sector and food security. While Hamedan province stands in the first rank of potato production in Iran, it still faces various concerned challenges such as supply of resources, fluctuations in production, product losses, lack of processing infrastructure, and market regulation, slowing down the function of supply chain of potatoes. Therefore, this study aimed at identifying and analyzing the inhibitory components of development of potato supply chain in Hamedan province. Given the large number of farmers' statistical population (N=6120), a sample of 246 potato producers was selected in the studied area, using Cochran formula. The required data and information were collected through a questionnaire, the validity of which was confirmed by a panel of experts and researchers in the subject area and the reliability of which was calculated and confirmed by Cronbach's alpha (0.79). For analyzing the data, in addition to descriptive statistics, factor analysis technique was used. The results of the factor analysis revealed that there were six factors, including technical-infrastructural, social and service, policy-making, economic, educational and extensional and environmental factors explaining overall 60.38 percent of the variance of total deterrent factors. Based on the results, among others, the technical-infrastructural factor plays the most important role in the development of the potato supply chain. So, planning and investment in updating the technologies used in chain loops and also the development of mechanization at various stages of production, maintenance, conversion and processing, transportation and distribution can accelerate the supply chain development.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Supply Chain
  • Inhibitory Components
  • Potato Product Development
  • Hamedan (Province)
  1. Alam-Tabriz, A. and Mohammad-Rahimi, A. (2009). Approaches to managing production and advanced operations. Publications of Trading Company. (Persian)
  2. Amiri, H., Boustani, R. and Ranjbaraki, A. (2008). Reviewing saffron supply chain competitiveness with emphasis on exchange cost economics approach. Tehran: Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences. (Persian)
  3. Bagheri, A., Ghaffari, O. and Shabanali-Fami, H. (2017). Factors affecting farmers' knowledge of potato waste management in the county of Razan, Hamedan. Agricultural Economics and Development Research, 48(2): 257-269. (Persian)
  4. Beykzadeh, S. and Chizari, A. (2007). The study of marketing channel and the effective factors on potato marketing margin in Iran. Agricultural Economics and Development, 15(57): 81-103. (Persian)
  5. Dahanker, G.H., Lallan, R., Bharadwaj, D.B. and Nafees, A. (2002). Extension issues in informal marketing. Quarterly Journal of Agricultural Marketing. Available at http://www.agmarknet.nic.in/Journal1.pdf
  6. Dixie, G. (2005). Marketing extension guide 5: horticultural marketing. FAO. Available at http://www.fao.org/
  7. Emana, B. and Nigussie, M. (2011). Potato value chain analysis and development in Ethiopia: case of Tigray and SNNP regions. International Potato Center (CIP-Ethiopia).
  8. Farzipour Saen, R. and Torabipour, S.M.R. (2012). Role and identification of effective factors in improving the performance of cold chain management for competitive organizations with factor analysis approach. Quarterly Journal of the Business, Special Edition, 66, Spring: 73-94. (Persian)
  9. Hosseini, S.S., Pakravan, M. and Etghaei, M. (2013). Effects of total support estimate of agriculture sector on food security in Iran. Agricultural Economics and Development Research, 44(4): 533-544. (Persian)
  10. Khaledi, M .and Amjadi, A. (2009). Importance and application of supply chain management in the agricultural sector and its related industries. The 6th International Conference of Iranian Agricultural Economics, 14-15 February, Tehran, Karaj. (Persian)
  11. Khaledi, M., Yavari, G. and Lotfi, S. (2013). Investigating the performance of onion supply chain in East Azarbaijan province. Commercial Surveys, 11(58): 68-79. (Persian)
  12. Koopaei, M. (2013). Principles of agricultural economics. Tehran: Tehran University. (Persian)
  13. Lawrence, D. and Fredner, D. (2006). Principles of supply chain management. Zand, M. and Moshiri, M. (Trns.) Jahad Academic Publications. (Persian)
  14. Mirzajan, A. Pirayesh, M. and Dehghanian, F. (2014). Providing a supply chain planning model for corrosive crops. Production and Operations Management, 6(1). (Persian)
  15. Nasseri, M., Moradi, M. and Malihi, A. (2007). Great supply chain of Iranian tea. Business Research. 46: 119-143.
  16. Rezaei, J. (2007). Feasibility of establishment of processing and supplementary industries of livestock products in Ilam province. Geographical Research, 61, Autumn. (Persian)
  17. Ryder, R. and Fearn, A. (2003). Procurement best practice in the food industy: supplier clustering as a source of strategic competitive advantage. Supply Chain Management, 8(1): 12-16.
  18. Shafeei, M., Falahi Ghiasabadi, L. and Rezaei, Z. (2014). The impact of food supply chain integrity in Fars province. Resource Management Research, 3, Summer. (Persian)
  19. Soleimani-Sedehi, M. and Ghaffarinasab, N. (2013). Supply chain management. Institute for Business Studies and Research, p. 2. (Persian)
  20. Spurlder, T. and Bland, M. (2011). Specific features of agricultural supply chains: seven fundamental economic characteristics. Logistics and Supply Chain, 1(7): 6-10. (Persian)
  21. Tavassoli, B., Khalifeh Soltanian, F., Chizari, M. and Pezeshki-Rad, G. (2007). Study of the situation and bottlenecks of marketing of agricultural products in Iran. Sixth Iranian Agricultural Economics Conference, Mashhad. (Persian)
  22. Van der Vorst, Jack G.A.J., Da Silva, Carlos A. and Trienekens, Jacques H. (2007). Agro-industrial supply chain management: concepts and applications. FAO, Agricultural Management, Marketing and Finance Occasional Paper, Rome.
  23. Villanyi, R. and Pakurar, M. (2007). Evaluation of suppliers in vegetable and fruit processing industry. Green Week Scientific Conference: Modern Agriculture in Central and Eastern Europe, Berlin, Germany, 64-70.
  24. Yadavar, H., Hejazi, Y., Hosseini, S. and Saleh, I. (2011). A determination of marketing extension components regarding flowers and ornamental plants. Agricultural Economics and Development Research, 41-2(4): 513-522.
  25. Zamanipour, A. (2008). Promotion of agriculture in the process of development. Tehran: Teyhu Publishing. (Persian)
  26. Zarei, B. and Zarei, K. (2007). Analyzing and improving the supply chain of agricultural products. 5th International Industrial Engineering Conference. (Persian)