الگوی مسیریابی بهینه ناوگان حمل‏ ونقل توزیع گوشت مرغ شهر تهران در حالت چندقرارگاهی با محدودیت پنجره زمانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد اقتصاد کشاورزی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران

3 استادیار گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی‬، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

چکیده

حمل‏ونقل یک رشتة خدماتی است که از تولید تا مصرف تمامی کالاها و خدمات نقش و سهم به‏سزایی دارد. این مسئله برای کالاهای فسادپذیر همانند گوشت مرغ و همچنین، در شهرهای بزرگ اهمیت دوچندان پیدا می‌کند. در همین راستا، مطالعه حاضر با هدف طراحی الگوی مسیریابی ناوگان حمل‏ ونقل ناهمگن در حالت چندقرارگاهی و با در نظر گرفتن محدودیت پنجره زمانی در قالب الگوهای برنامه‌ریزی خطی عدد صحیح مختلط انجام شد. بدین منظور، با توجه به تقاضای روزانه گوشت مرغ در بازارهای روز سازمان میادین میوه و تره‌بار شهرداری تهران، الگوی بهینه حمل‌ونقل، طراحی و تحلیل شد. در همین راستا، الگوی مسیریابی برای سه روز مختلف مورد آزمون قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که مدل طراحی‏شده می‌تواند هزینه‌های حمل ‏ونقل را به میزان قابل توجهی کاهش دهد، به‏گونه‏ای که برای سه روز مورد آزمون، هزینه‌ها به‏ترتیب 5/29، 9/27 و 5/32 درصد (معادل 16698، 14596 و 14116 هزار ریال) نسبت به شرایط حمل‏ونقل موجود کاهش می‌یابد. بر این اساس، پیشنهاد می‌شود که سازمان میادین میوه و تره‌بار شهرداری تهران، با به‏ کارگیری سامانه ثبت تقاضا و توزیع و همچنین، استفاده از مدل طراحی ‏شده برای توزیع گوشت مرغ، به کاهش هزینه‌های حمل‌ونقل بپردازد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Optimal Model of Fleet Vehicle Routing for Poultry Meat Distribution in Tehran City with Multi-Depot Mode and Time Window Constraint

نویسندگان [English]

  • F. Riahi Dorcheh 1
  • A.H. Chizari 2
  • R. Esfanjari Konari 3
1 MSc. In Agricultural Economics, Campus of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Tehran, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

Transportation is a field of service with a significant role in the cycle of all goods and services from production to consumption. This is especially true for perishable goods like poultry meat, the distribution of which becomes even more important for major cities. The purpose of this study was to design a model for heterogeneous multi-depot transport fleet routing with due consideration of the limited time window (FSMTW) in the form of patterns mixed integer linear programming (MILP). For this purpose, the model was designed according to the daily demand of poultry markets of Tehran Municipality in 2013. Routing pattern was examined for three different days. The results showed that the model designed could significantly reduce transportation costs, so that it reduced costs for three studied testing days by 29.56, 27.91 and 32.58 percent (i.e. 16698, 14596 and 14116 thousand IR rials), respectively, compared to the existing transportation conditions. Therefore, it was suggested that Tehran Municipality use the system for registering and distribution of the demand as well as using the designed models for the distribution of poultry meat to reduce the logistics costs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Routing
  • Poultry
  • FSMTW
  • MILP
  • Tehran Municipality Management of Fruit and Vegetables Organization
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