نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران
2 استادیار اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران
3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Trade agreements are generally effective in reducing barriers to trade by reducing the trade costs and increasing the safety of contracts. Iran is a member of the two world trade agreements known as Global System of Trade Preferences (GSTP) and Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO). Despite the general belief that the presence in trade agreements generally has a positive effect on the trading flow of the countries, there is no guarantee about this effect in all countries and goods. Therefore, considering the importance of pistachio exports of Iran, this study aimed to find out whether Iran’s presence in trade agreements increased exports of Iranian pistachio. For this purpose, the gravity model and pistachios export data during 2001-2016 were used. Based on the results, Iran’s membership in the trade agreements had a positive and statistically significant impact (0.380) on Iranian pistachio exports. Therefore, it was suggested that pistachio exports companies would benefit from the opportunities provided by participating in these and additional trade agreements to adopt appropriate marketing policies and strategies to increase Iran’s pistachio exports to its trading partners.