بررسی اثر عضویت ایران در موافقت نامه های تجاری بر صادرات پسته ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 استادیار اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران

4 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران

5 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

موافقت‌نامه‌های تجاری به طور کلی با کاهش هزینه‌های تجاری و افزایش ایمنی قراردادها نقشی مؤثر در جهت کاهش موانع تجارت دارد. ایران در دو موافقت‌نامه تجاری نظام جهانی ترجیحات تجاری (GSTP) و سازمان همکاری‌های اقتصادی (ECO) حضور دارد. باوجود آنکه باور عمومی بر این است که حضور در موافقت‌نامه‌های تجاری به طور کلی اثری مثبت بر جریان تجاری کشورها دارد ولی ضمانتی برای این اثر در همه کشورها و کالاها وجود ندارد. لذا با توجه به اهمیت صادرات پسته برای ایران، هدف مطالعه حاضر پاسخ به این پرسش است که آیا حضور ایران در موافقت‌نامه‌های تجاری موجب افزایش صادرات پسته ایران شده است؟ برای دستیابی هدف، از الگوی جاذبه و داده‌های صادرات پسته در دوره زمانی 2001-2016 استفاده شده است. براساس نتایج، عضویت ایران در موافقت‌نامه‌های تجاری اثری مثبت و معنی‌دار (0/380) بر صادرات پسته ایران داشته است. لذا پیشنهاد می‌شود که شرکت‌های صادراتی پسته، از فرصت‌های موجود به واسطه حضور در این موافقت‌نامه‌های تجاری جهت اتخاذ سیاست‌ها و استراتژی‌های مناسب بازاریابی به منظور افزایش صادرات پسته ایران به شرکای تجاری عضو توافق‌نامه بهره ببرند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Effect of Iran’s Membership in Trade Agreements on Iranian Pistachio Exports

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Aminizadeh 1
  • H. Rafiee 2
  • S. A. Zare 3
  • M. Kaboudtabar 4
  • A. Kazempoor 5
1 PhD Student in Agricultural Economics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Agricultural Economics, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 MSc Student in Agricultural Economics, University of Tehran, Tehran. Iran
4 MSc Student in Agricultural Economics, University of Tehran, Tehran. Iran
5 MSc Student in Agricultural Economics, University of Tehran, Tehran. Iran
چکیده [English]

Trade agreements are generally effective in reducing barriers to trade by reducing the trade costs and increasing the safety of contracts. Iran is a member of the two world trade agreements known as Global System of Trade Preferences (GSTP) and Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO). Despite the general belief that the presence in trade agreements generally has a positive effect on the trading flow of the countries, there is no guarantee about this effect in all countries and goods. Therefore, considering the importance of pistachio exports of Iran, this study aimed to find out whether Iran’s presence in trade agreements increased exports of Iranian pistachio. For this purpose, the gravity model and pistachios export data during 2001-2016 were used. Based on the results, Iran’s membership in the trade agreements had a positive and statistically significant impact (0.380) on Iranian pistachio exports. Therefore, it was suggested that pistachio exports companies would benefit from the opportunities provided by participating in these and additional trade agreements to adopt appropriate marketing policies and strategies to increase Iran’s pistachio exports to its trading partners.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Trade Agreement
  • gravity model
  • pistachio
  • Iran
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