بررسی جایگاه و پیوند بخش کشاورزی با سایر بخش‌ها در اقتصاد ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیارگروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، واحد قائمشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قائم‌شهر، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، واحد قائمشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قائم‌شهر، ایران

چکیده

بخش کشاورزی یکی از مهم‌ترین بخش های اقتصاد ایران است که سهم عمده ای در تولید و اشتغال کشور دارد. هدف مطالعه­ حاضر تعیین جایگاه بخش کشاورزی و زیر بخش‌های آن از لحاظ اثرگذاری و ارتباط با سایر بخش­های اقتصادی کشور است. بدین منظور از آخرین جدول داده­- ستانده موجود در کشور در قالب دو گروه 15 و 65 بخشی استفاده گردید. بررسی اقتصاد 15 بخشی نشان داد که بخش کشاورزی در این رتبه بندی در جایگاه هفتم قرار داشته و از بخش­هایی مانند برق، حمل و نقل و ذغال­سنگ بالاتر است. در اقتصاد 65 بخشی نیز بخش "دامداری و مرغداری" نسبت به 3 گروه ماهیگیری، "زراعت و باغداری" و جنگل‌داری از اهمیت بیشتری  برخوردار است. بررسی پیوندهای پیشین و پسین نیز نشان داد که بخش کشاورزی با داشتن شاخص قدرت انتشار  وحساسیت بالاتر از 55/0 در گروه دوم یعنی جزو کالاهای واسطه صنعتی قرار می‏گیرد. به همین دلیل، توجه  بیشتر به نقش واسطه ای بخش کشاورزی در تأمین عوامل و ارتباط آن با سایر بخش‌ها برای پیشبرد اهداف اقتصادی و صنعتی کشور پیشنهاد می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of Position and Linkage of Agriculture with Other Sectors in Iran’s Economy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Y. Feizabadi 1
  • N. Roudbari 2
1 Assistant Professor of Agricultural Economics, Department of Agricultural Economics, Qaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr, Iran
2 Msc in Agricultural Economics, Department of Agricultural Economics, Qaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr, Iran
چکیده [English]

        Agricultural sector is one of the most important sectors of Iran’s economy which has a great contribution in national production and employment. The current paper aims to determine the position of agricultural sector and its subsectors and their linkage to other sectors in Iran's economy. For this purpose, the last existing input-output table has been used within two economic systems; having 65 and 15 subsectors respectively. The study of economy with 15 subsectors shows that agricultural sector is ranked in the 7th position standing ahead of sectors like power, transportation and coal. In the economy with 65 subsectors, animal husbandry and hennery is ahead of fishery, agronomy and horticulture subsectors. In addition, studying backward and forward linkages shows that agricultural sector lies on the second group i.e. industrial intermediate commodities having both power of dispersion and sensitivity indices above 0.55. Therefore, more attention towards intermediate role of agriculture in national factor contribution and it’s communication with other sectors is suggested for achieving industrial and economic goals of the country.

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