تدوین الگوی ترتیبات نهادی مناسب برای مدیریت یکپارچة منابع آب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار و معاون مؤسسة پژوهش‌های برنامه‌ریزی، اقتصاد کشاورزی و توسعة روستایی و عضو هیئت رئیسة انجمن علمی توسعة روستایی ایران

2 استادیار گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

چکیده

سیستم مدیریت منابع آب در کشور بیشتر به‌دنبال حل مسئلة کمبود آب از طریق مسائل فنی- مهندسی، انتقال آب، سدسازی و طرح‌های سازه‌ای است در حالی که مشکل اصلی منابع آب در کشور، به وجود حکمرانی بد و نامطلوب و سیستم مدیریتی ناکارآمد مربوط می‏شود. ترتیبات نهادی نامناسب، مدیریت ازهم‌گسسته، نبود شفافیت و عدم مشارکت ذی‌نفعان در مدیریت از جمله ویژگی‌های نظام حکمرانی فعلی منابع آب در کشور است. هدف از مطالعة حاضر، تدوین الگوی ترتیبات نهادی در مدیریت یکپارچة منابع آب در سطح کلان می‎باشد. به این منظور، با استفاده از روش تحلیلی داده‌بنیاد و مصاحبه با استادان، کارشناسان و صاحب‌نظران و انجام تحلیل‌های مربوط، الگوی نهایی ترتیبات نهادی همراه با جزئیات آن برای حکمرانی مطلوب‌تر منابع آب تدوین شد. از مهم‌ترین نتایج و پیشنهادهای این الگو می‌توان به تدوین چیدمان نهادی مناسب، یکپارچه‌سازی مدیریت در سطح کلان، واگذاری مدیریت به مردم در سطح حوضة آبریز، افزایش شفافیت و پاسخگویی، مشارکت ذی‌نفعان در نظارت و اجرا، شیوه‌های جدید آبیاری و کشت، توجه بیشتر به اقدامات آبخیزداری و پخش سیلاب، انجام آمایش سرزمین و تعیین الگوی کشت متناسب با شرایط هر منطقه اشاره کرد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Design of Appropriate Institutional Arrangements Pattern for Integrated Management of Water Resources

نویسندگان [English]

  • mojtaba palouj 1
  • M. Baniasadi 2
1 Assistant Professor, Faculty Member of Agricultural Planning, Economics, and Rural Development Research Institute (APERDRI), and Member of Board of Directors in Iranian Scientific Association of Rural Development, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

System of water resource management in the country has been seeking solutions for water issues through technical engineering, water transfer, damming, and constructional projects. However, the main problem of water resources in the country is the existence of bad and undesirable governance and the inefficient management system. Inappropriate institutional arrangements, disconnected management, lack of transparency, and lack of stakeholders’ involvement in management are among the characteristics of the current water resource management system in the country. The purpose of the present study is to develop institutional arrangements pattern for the integrated management of the groundwater resources at the macro level. To this aim, with using the analytical method of grounded theory, interviewing professors, experts, and pundits, and conducting relevant analyzes, the final pattern of institutional arrangements was developed along with its details for the better governance of water resources. The most important results and suggestions of this model include  the development of appropriate institutional arrangements, integrated management at the macro level, transfer of management to the people at the basin, increased transparency and accountability, stakeholders’ participation in monitoring and implementation, new irrigation and cultivation practices, more attention to the measures of watershed management and flood spreading, land preparation, and determination of the cropping pattern appropriate to the conditions of each region.

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