بررسی عوامل مؤثر در کارایی و بهره‌وری تولیدکنندگان پستة شهرستان سیرجان با تأکید بر سرمایة اجتماعی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد کشاورزی دانشگاه پیام نور مرکز تهران شرق و مربی دانشگاه پیام نور مرکز سیرجان

2 دانشیار اقتصاد کشاورزی دانشگاه پیام نور

3 دانشیار دانشگاه پیام نور

4 استاد اقتصاد کشاورزی دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان

چکیده

عملکرد محصول پسته در استان کرمان، به‌عنوان قطب اصلی تولید پسته در ایران، نسبت به کشورهای رقیب مانند آمریکا بسیار پایین است. بر همین اساس، در این مطالعه، وضعیت تولیدی تعدادی از کشاورزان پسته­کار شهرستان سیرجان (دارای رتبة دوم تولید در استان کرمان) بررسی شد. اطلاعات لازم به دلیل مسئله سال‏آوری پسته، به‌صورت میانگین سال‌های 1393 و 1394 بوده است. تأکید این مطالعه بر نقش سرمایة اجتماعی به‌عنوان ابزار نرم‌افزاری افزایش کارایی و بهره‌وری است. طبق یافته‌های تحقیق، متوسط کارایی فنی در حضور سرمایة اجتماعی 69/0 اندازه‌گیری شد. به‌علاوه، براساس نتایج الگوی توبیت، متغیرهای تجربه، شرکت در کلاس‌های آموزشی، اندازة باغ، آب، میزان محصول و سرمایة اجتماعی بر کارایی تأثیر معنی‌داری دارند. همچنین برای درک تأثیر سرمایه‏گذاری در سرمایة اجتماعی در بین کشاورزان، شاخص بهره‌وری لوئن برگر بر مبنای تابع مسافت جهت‌دار محاسبه شد که رشد 5/12 درصدی داشته است. طبق نتایج، باید کشاورزان و متولیان بخش کشاورزی برای بهبود وضعیت کشاورزان در ارتقای ابعاد گوناگون سرمایة اجتماعی تلاش کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Social Capital on Efficiency and Productivity of Pistachio Producers in Sirjan County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • J. Kourakinejad 1
  • A. Mahmoudi 2
  • M. Shokat Fadaei 3
  • H. Mehrabi Boshrabadi 4
1 Student in Agricultural Economics, Payame Noor University, East Tehran, Central Branch, and Instructor of Payame Noor University, Sirjan Branch, Sirjan, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics, Payame Noor University, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Payame Noor University, Iran
4 Professor of Agricultural Economics, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The yield of pistachio production in Kerman province as the main pistachio pole in Iran is very low compared to rival countries such as the United States. In this research, the condition of pistachio production of some farmers in Sirjan County of this province standing in the second place of production in Kerman province was investigated. Because of annual pistachio production issue, the average data of 2014 and 2015 were used. The emphasis of this study is on the role of social capital as a software tool for increasing efficiency and productivity. The findings showed that the average technical efficiency in the presence of social capital was 0.69. In order to understand the effect of investment in social capital among farmers, the productivity index of Luenberger was calculated based on the directional distance function, which was found to be on order of 12.5 percent. According to the results, farmers and authorities in the agricultural sector should take appropriate measures to improve the situation of farmers by promoting the various dimensions of social capital.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technical Efficiency
  • Luenberger Productivity Index
  • Directional Distance Function
  • Sirjan (County)
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