بررسی عوامل انگیزشی مشارکت کشاورزان در بورس شاخص‌های هواشناسی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری.

2 دانش‌آموختة کارشناسی ارشد اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری

3 نویسنده مسئول و دانشیار اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری.

4 دانشیار اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری

چکیده

طی سال‌های اخیر، ابزاری نوین تحت عنوان بورس شاخص‌های هواشناسی، جهت مقابله با ریسک تولید معرفی شده است و در بورس‌های مطرح دنیا مبادله می‌شود. با توجه به وجود ریسک ناشی از تغییر شرایط آب و هوایی در بخش کشاورزی، در پژوهش حاضر ضمن معرفی بورس شاخص‌های هواشناسی، عوامل مؤثر بر مشارکت کشاورزان در بورس یاد شده، مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. بدین منظور از الگوی لاجیت ترتیبی استفاده شده است و داده‌های مورد نیاز از طریق مصاحبه حضوری و تکمیل پرسشنامه از 160 کشاورز بخش خرم‌آباد شهرستان تنکابن، جمع‌آوری گردیده است. نتایج این پژوهش نشان داد، 79 درصد از کشاورزان منطقه تمایل به شرکت در بورس پیشنهادی شاخص‌های هواشناسی داشته‌اند و تنها 21 درصد تمایل به مشارکت در این نوع بورس نشان نداده‌اند. این درصد بالای تمایل به مشارکت در بورس شاخص‌های هواشناسی، حکایت از استقبال بالای کشاورزان از این ابزار جدید دارد. همچنین متغیرهای سن، نحوه مالکیت و ضریب ریسک‌گریزی کشاورزان بر سطح مشارکت کشاورزان تاثیر منفی داشته‌اند. تحصیلات، پس‌انداز احتیاطی و تنوع کشت نیز متغیرهای مؤثر و افزایش‌دهنده میزان مشارکت کشاورزان می‌باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of motivational factors on farmers's participation in weather exchange

نویسندگان [English]

  • Z. Nematollahi 1
  • N. Fakouri 2
  • S. A. Hosseini-yekani 3
  • H. Amirnejad 4
1 PhD Student in Agricultural Economics, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran.
2 MSc Graduate in Agricultural Economics, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran.
3 Corresponding Author and Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran
4 Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran,
چکیده [English]

In recent years, in order to deal with the production risk, new tools named Weather Exchange has been introduced and exchange in the many of world’s Stocks. Due to existing of the risk of changing weather conditions in the agricultural sector, this study aim to introduce the weather exchange. The factors affecting farmers, participation in the exchange above also is studied. For this purpose, the Order Logit models used and the data required is collected by interview and questionnaires with 160 farmers in Khorram Abad Area of Tonekabon. The results showed that 79 percent of farmers would like to participate in the proposed weather exchange and only 21% have not shown willingness to participate in this type of exchange. This high percentage of willingness to participate in this market indicated high tendency of farmers of this new tool. age, ownership and risk aversion coefficient of farmers have had a negative impact on the level of participation of farmers. Education, contingency reserve and diversification are also effective and multiplier variables on the participation of farmers.

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