تدوین الگوی درونی ابعاد انعطاف‌پذیری تولید در صنایع غذایی بر اساس روش مدل‏سازی ساختاری- تفسیری

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه مدیریت، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

2 استاد گروه مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 استاد گروه مدیریت، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

بنا به توافق عمومی در ادبیات موضوع، «انعطاف ­پذیری» تولید مفهومی چندبعدی است، که این ابعاد می­توانند روابط درونی با یکدیگر داشته باشند و منجر به انعطاف ­پذیری بیشتر تولید شوند. بر همین اساس، مطالعه حاضر، با هدف تدوین الگوی درونی ابعاد انعطاف­ پذیری تولید در صنایع غذایی بر اساس روش مدل‏سازی ساختاری- تفسیری (ISM)، از نظر روش، از نوع تحقیقات توصیفی- مدل‏سازی و از منظر هدف، یک تحقیق کابردی بوده و در آن، ساخت و تدوین الگوی درونی ابعاد انعطاف‏ پذیری تولید با بهره‏ گیری از نظرات بیست تن از خبرگان آشنا به موضوع انعطاف­ پذیری تولید صورت گرفت. داده ­ها در این بخش بر اساس پرسشنامه ویژه روش مدل‏سازی ساختاری- تفسیری جمع ­آوری و برای تحلیل داده ­ها، از روش مدل‏سازی ساختاری- تفسیری استفاده شد. یافته­ های تحقیق نشان داد که الگوی درونی ایجادشده برای ابعاد انعطاف­ پذیری تولید، با استفاده از روش مدل‏سازی ساختاری- تفسیری، به درک تعامل بین ابعاد مختلف مؤثر بر انعطاف‏ پذیری و پیامدهای مدیریتی این ابعاد کمک می­کند؛ در الگوی درونی ایجادشده از طریق مدل‏سازی ساختاری- تفسیری،  «انعطاف ‏پذیری فرآیند» و «انعطاف ‏پذیری نیروی کار» تأثیرگذارترین (هدایت ‏کننده ­ترین) ابعاد انعطاف ‏پذیری و همچنین، «انعطاف ‏پذیری محصول» تأثیرپذیرترین (وابسته­ ترین) بعد انعطاف­ پذیری در صنایع غذایی تلقی می‏شوند؛ افزون بر این، افزایش کارآیی در عوامل تأثیرگذار به بهبود عوامل تأثیرپذیر و در نتیجه، به انعطاف پذیری بیشتر در صنایع غذایی می­انجامد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Internal Model of Manufacturing Flexibility Dimensions in Food Industry Based on Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM)

نویسندگان [English]

  • ,Y. Shamsi 1
  • H. Taghizadeh 2
  • S. Iranzadeh 3
1 PhD Student of the Department of management , tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University,Tabriz - iran
2 Professor, Department of Management, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of management , tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University,Tabriz - iran
چکیده [English]

In the literature on flexibility, there is a consensus that manufacturing flexibility is a multidimensional concept with internal relations between its dimensions that can lead to increased manufacturing flexibility. The purpose of this study was to develop an internal model of manufacturing flexibility dimensions in the food industry based on interpretive structural modeling(ISM). This applied study was conducted in a descriptive modeling method. The model was developed using the reviews of 20 experts on manufacturing flexibility. The data were collected through a questionnaire for the interpretive structural modeling and the results were analyzed through the same modeling. The study findings showed that the developed internal model of manufacturing flexibility dimensions would help to understand the interaction between different dimensions affecting the flexibility and the consequences of their management. According to the results, process flexibility and labor flexibility were the most influential (leading) dimensions and product flexibility was the most influenced (dependent) dimension in the food industry. In addition, enhancing the efficiency of influencing factors might be suggested to improve the influenced factors and led to an increased flexibility in the food industries.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Manufacturing Flexibility
  • Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM)
  • Food industries
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