کاربرد حدنگاری اراضی کشاورزی در تدوین الگوی کشت جامع و عملیاتی مزارع: مطالعة موردی در استان اصفهان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار اقتصاد کشاورزی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی و عمران روستایی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

حدنگاری اراضی کشاورزی می‌تواند به طراحی الگوی کشت عملیاتی برای هر مزرعه کمک کند و برنامه‌ریزی تولید، نظام توزیع محصولات کشاورزی و مدیریت بهینه آب و خاک را در راستای راهبردهای جامع و کلان کشاورزی کشور به ‏همراه داشته باشد. در مطالعة حاضر، با بهره‏ گیری از مدل برنامه‌ریزی ریاضی چندهدفه، از روش حدنگاری اراضی کشاورزی برای تدوین الگوی کشت جامع و عملیاتی مزارع شهرستان شهرضا واقع در استان اصفهان در قالب یک ساختار سامان ه­ای پشتیبان تصمیم استفاده شد. با توجه به گستردگی اطلاعات و لزوم پردازش آنها و همچنین، دسترسی سریع و دقیق به نتایج حاصل از اجرای مدل برنامه ­ریزی، ساختار سامان ه­ای یادشده تلفیقی از پایگاه داده­ های توصیفی و مکان­دار، بستر برنامه ‏نویسی و بسته نرم‏ افزاری بهینه ­سازی برای حل مدل و ایجاد گزارش‏ های لازم بود. نتایج نشان داد که در مدل چندهدفه، با وجود کاهش سطح زیر کشت برای گروه محصولاتی چون غلات و جالیز به ‏ترتیب به میزان 37 و 8 درصد، میزان تولید غلات تنها 27 درصد کم شده و تولید جالیز 70 درصد افزایش داشته و این افزایش بهره وری تولید به‏ دلیل استفاده از نوع واریته، مدیریت کشت، روش آبیاری و تناسب اراضی هر محصول در هر مزرعه در ساختار برنامه‏ ریزی مطالعه حاضر تحقق یافته است. با توجه به ایجاد جزئیات الگوی کشت برای هر مزرعه از طریق اطلاعات حدنگاری، استفاده از نتایج مطالعه برای برنامه‌ریزی آبیاری و کنترل برداشت از منابع آب زیرزمینی در محدوده مطالعاتی توصیه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Application of Agricultural Land Cadastre in Compilation of Comprehensive and Operational Cropping Pattern of Farms: A Case Study in Isfahan Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Nikouei 1
  • M. Mardani 2
1 Assistant Professor of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO),Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture and Rural Development Engineering, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Agricultural lands Cadastre can help to design an operational cropping pattern for each farm and provide production planning, agricultural distribution systems, optimal soil and water management in line with the country's comprehensive and macro agricultural strategies. In this study, it was used to design a comprehensive and operational cropping pattern in Shahreza City of Isfahan Province under a decision support system by developing a multi-objective mathematical programming model. Due to the wide range of information and the necessity of their processing, as well as fast and accurate access to the results of planning model, the structure of this system was formed by integrating the descriptive and spatial database, programming platform, and optimization software package to solve the model and generate the necessary reports. The results showed that despite the area under cultivation of multi-objective model for cereals and kitchen garden crops decreased by 37% and 8%, however, cereal production decreased only 27% and kitchen garden crop production increased by 70%. This increasing in productivity has been realized due to using crop varieties, crop management, irrigation method, and land suitability of each crop in each farm in the planning structure used in this study. Due to generating details of the cropping pattern for each farm through cadastre data, application of results for irrigation planning and control of groundwater resources discharging is recommended in the study area.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cadastre
  • Multi-Objective Mathematical Programming
  • Cropping pattern
  • Irrigation planning
  • Isfahan
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