شناسایی موانع توسعة کارآفرینی سبز در بخش کشاورزی شهرستان کرمانشاه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت و کارآفرینی، دانشکدة علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه رازی

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد کارآفرینی، دانشکدة علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه رازی

3 دانشیار گروه اصلاح و نباتات، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه رازی

چکیده

کارآفرینی سبز فرایند ایجاد دگرگونی در تجارت و زیرساخت‌هاست به گونه‌ای که بر پایة حفظ محیط ‌زیست و رعایت استانداردها، سرمایه‌گذاری پایدار و توسعة اقتصادی رونق بهتری می‌یابد. روش تحقیق حاضر توصیفی ـ پیمایشی و جامعة آماری آن شامل 380 نفر از کلیه کارشناسان مراکز جهاد کشاورزی، سازمان استاندارد و تحقیقات صنعتی در شهرستان کرمانشاه و متخصصان کشاورزی در زمینة تولید محصولات ارگانیک بوده است. براساس جدول کرجسی – مورگان، تعداد 181 نفر از جامعة آماری برای انجام تحقیق انتخاب شدند. نتایج مربوط به تحلیل عاملی نشان‌ داد که در مجموع حدود 349/54 درصد واریانس موانع توسعة کارآفرینی سبز در کشاورزی شهرستان کرمانشاه را به ترتیب اهمیت چهار عاملِ موانع زیرساختی، موانع اقتصادی، موانع فنی ـ مدیریتی و موانع ترویجی ـ آموزشی تبیین می‌کنند. از دیدگاه کارشناسان، موانع زیرساختی مهم‌ترین مانع توسعة کارآفرینی سبز است، لذا با اصلاح و تعدیل مقررات و ساختار سازمانی و حرکت به سمت ساختارهای سازمانی با مشارکت کارشناسان و متخصصان کشاورزی می‌توان زمینة بروز رفتارهای کارآفرینی از سوی کشاورزان را فراهم کرد.
 
طبقه­بندی JEL: Q10، Q16، Q56

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying the Barriers of Green Entrepreneurship Development in the Agricultural Sector of Kermanshah County

نویسندگان [English]

  • B Rezaee 1
  • H. Najafpour 2
  • D. Kahrizi 3
1 Assistant Professor of Management and entrepreneurship, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
2 M.SC. Student of Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Plant Breeding and Agriculture, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

 Green entrepreneurship is the process of creating transformation in business and infrastructure, so based on environmental protection and observance standards, sustainable investment and economic development will improve. This research is descriptive-survey and the study population consisted of 380 individuals from all agricultural experts, experts' standards organization and industrial research in Kermanshah and members of the association of organic producers. According to Morgan-Krejcie table, 181 individuals of them were selected. The results of factor analysis indicate that about 54.349 percent of the variance in green entrepreneurship development barriers in agriculture of Kermanshah County is explained in order of significance in four factors: infrastructure barriers, economic barriers, technical barriers and educational - extension barriers. From experts' point of view, infrastructure barriers are the most important obstacle to the development of green entrepreneurship. Therefore, by modifying the regulations and organizational structure and moving towards organizational structures with the participation of experts and agricultural experts, the field of entrepreneurship behaviors can be provided by farmers.
 
JEL Classification: Q10, Q16, Q56

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Green Entrepreneurship
  • Sustainable Business
  • Agricultural Development
  • Kermanshah
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