تعیین‏کننده‏های نظام‏های انگیزشی پذیرش سیستم HACCP مطالعه موردی: صنایع غذایی استان خراسان رضوی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد،

2 استاد گروه اقتصادکشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

3 دانشیار گروه علوم وصنایع غذایی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

با توجه به اینکه مهم‌ترین اصل در روند تولید و فراوری محصول، سلامت آن است، یکی از کارآمدترین روش‌ها برای تضمین سلامت و کنترل ایمنی غذا، به کارگیری سیستم HACCP در بخش تغذیه و مراکز تهیه و توزیع غذاست. به همین دلیل، شناسایی عوامل انگیزشی مؤثر بر پذیرش این سیستم اهمیت خاصی دارد. لذا در این مقاله عوامل مؤثر بر نظام‌های انگیزشی بازاری، انگیزه‌های مقرراتی و مسئولیتی با استفاده از داده‏های 80 واحد تولیدی صنایع غذایی استان خراسان رضوی (شهرهای منتخب مشهد و چناران) در چارچوب الگوی سیستم معادلات به ظاهر نامرتبط بررسی شدند. نتایج نشان داد سن و تحصیلات مدیر، شاخص بازاریابی و کارایی بر شاخص انگیزه‌های بازاری تأثیر مثبت و معنی‌دار دارند. همچنین تحصیلات مدیر و شاخص بازاریابی دارای تأثیر مثبت و معنی‌دار بر شاخص انگیزه‌های مقرراتی اند. سن مدیر، شاخص بازاریابی و کارایی نیز بر  شاخص انگیزه مسئولیتی تأثیر مثبت و معنی‌دار دارند. با توجه به یافته‌ها، کاهش اندک مالیات بنگاه‏های دارای سیستم HACCP و برگزاری کلاس‌های ترویجی و آموزش رایگان کارکنان پیشنهاد شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification of Coping Strategies on Food Insecurity and its Effective Factors in Rural Areas of Gorgan

نویسندگان [English]

  • H. Hamzech Kalkenari 1
  • M. Ghorbani 2
  • N. Shahnoushi 2
  • M. Varidi 3
1 . Former MSc Student, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2 Professor of Agricultural Economics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Food Science and Industries, Ferdowsi University of Professor Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

There are different approaches for measuring the food security situation which one of them is estimation of coping strategy index (CSI). In this study, the level of food security of 267 rural households of Gorgan was investigated using the Food Security Strategy Index. In addition, factors affecting food security determined with using a logit model. Values of CSI shows that 17.60% of households are in food security condition and rest of them experiencing different level of food insecurity. Results of K Mean test indicate that 3.75% of households are in light food insecurity condition, 52.80% are in average food insecurity condition and 25.85% are in acute food security condition. Results of logit model showed that annual income, employment condition and age of household head have a negative impact and number of children has a positive impact on level of food insecurity. Therefore, improving the income and employment of households will have important and significant effects on the improvement of food security, and the emphasis and attention of the authorities on this economic factor can be very useful.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Food Security
  • Coping Strategy
  • Logit Model
  • Rural Areas of Gorgan
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